Detail photo - blue End On End cotton Fabric

END ON END FABRIC

Grayscale diagram illustrating yarn pattern in End on End fabric
Detail photo - blue End On End cotton Fabric

fabric description
A smooth and light fabric used almost exclusively for shirting. Can vary widely in level of formality, but often found on casual, lighter weight, summer shirts. Has the same similar smooth feel and appearance as poplin or broadcloth. A one to one square plain weave, with (alternating) one colored and one (or more) white (or another color) threads. This gives the fabric the visual depth of a heathered appearance from up close, but from a distance, it appears as a solid. End-on-ends are sometimes called fil-à-fil, a French term meaning thread to thread. Identical to Cambric, but since it does not undergo the glazing or calendaring process, it does not end up with the characteristic glossiness that cambric (also known as chambray) has. Because of the contrasting colors, can only be yarn-dyed, (instead of piece-dyed as many of today's less expensive garments) therefore it is less common. Thought to wear down faster than other weaves, but in actuality, the two-tone nature of the weave means that the white horizontal threads tend to become more visible and obvious to the naked eye over time compared to the vertical colored threads as the fabric ages. Considered one of the more time consuming weaves to iron.
fabric technical details
  • Weave - Royal Oxford
  • Composition - 100% Cotton
  • Origin (weave) - Italy
  • Origin (print/dye) - Italy
  • Pre-Shrunk - Yes
  • Additional Shrinkage - Very Low (1%)
  • Wrinkle Resistance - Low/Medium
  • Care - Standard Launder / See: Garment Care
  • Colorfast Level - Very Strong