Detail photo - blue plain weave cotton textile


Grayscale diagram illustrating yarn pattern in plain weave fabric
Detail photo - blue plain weave cotton textile

Plain weave can also be known as a “Classic Weave” - It is the simplest and most common of the three most basic (plain, twill, satin) fundamental weaves from which many other combination (secondary weaves) can be built. A weave that dates to ancient times with vertical and horizontial looms having been found in Asia, Africa and Europe dating from as early as 700 AD. Plain weave refers to many different fabric types, but all have the same weaving pattern in common. Utilizing two seperate yarns or threads, a weft (horizontal) and a warp (vertical) which cross each other in a pattern of one over and one under. Because of the high number of (perpendicular) crossings, each intersecting thread gives maximum support to the adjacent threads. Plain weave is stronger and firmer than any other ordinary weave. Both sides are identical (reversible). Because of the even consistency of its surface texture, when threads of similar thickness are used, it is known as a “Balanced Weave” and can be identified by its checkerboard like appearance. A balanced plain weave produces a textile that has a smooth, even surface with a minimum of texture and is a good base for printed patterns In many mills, after weaving a flame is applied to the finished fabric to singe away any raised fibers to create a surface that is completely smooth. Wrinkles easily and has high absorption (dependant on the source material). In shirting, often woven with poplin. Dimensional stability and tear strength are similar to the other two weaves in its same family (twill, basket). The range of uses includes delicate and light, simple fabrics all the way up to heavy and course blanketing materials.
  • Weave - Plain
  • Composition - 100% Cotton
  • Pre-Shrunk - Yes
  • Additional Shrinkage - Low (1-3%)
  • Wrinkle Resistance - Medium
  • Care - Standard Launder / See: Garment Care
  • Colorfast Level - Strong